Gum disease is a painful and destructive condition that attacks the gum tissue and, over time, destroys your smile. If you aware of how gum disease affects your smile at each stage, you can prepare to take steps to treat the disease and prevent it all together.
Plaque builds up on your teeth regularly, and if it’s not removed with daily oral care, it will begin to irritate the gums, causing them to become swollen, red, and tender and bleed if brushed or flossed. This is gingivitis, the early stage of gum disease, and can be treated with thorough dental care or a deep cleaning procedure known as scaling and root planing in which we clean around the teeth and gum pockets.
If gingivitis if left alone, it will worsen and become periodontitis–the advanced stage of gum disease that causes the gums to pull away and form pockets around the teeth. Bacteria and infections can easily occur in these pockets, allowing plaque to spread under the gum line and attack the underlying tissues and bone. This causes the teeth to come loose and eventually fall out. At this point, you may need to see a periodontist for potent gum treatment.
To prevent gum disease, you should visit the dentist every six months for checkups so that we can remove dangerous plaque deposits from your smile before they can lead to gum disease.
For further information about how to treat gum disease in Nicholasville, Kentucky, schedule an appointment with Dr. Casey Witty or Dr. Daniel Watkins by contacting Witty Family and Cosmetic Dentistry at 859-881-4633.